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VIETNAM WAR
Casualties - US vs NVA/VC

Note: NVA casualty data was provided by North Vietnam in a press release to Agence France Presse (AFP) on April 3, 1995, on the 20th anniversary of the end of the Vietnam War.

US casualty information was derived from the Combat Area Casualty File of 11/93, and The Adjutant General's Center (TAGCEN) file of 1981, available from the National Archives. Additional information was derived from the sources listed at the end of this document.

Entire War

Force

KIA

WIA

MIA

CIA

US Forces

47,378 1

304,704 2

2,338 3

766 4

 

 

 

 

 

ARVN

223,748

1,169,763

NA

NA

 

 

 

 

 

South Korea

4,407

17,060

NA

NA

 

 

 

 

 

Australia

469

2,940

NA

NA

 

 

 

 

 

Thailand

351

1,358

NA

NA

 

 

 

 

 

New Zealand

55

212

NA

NA

 

 

 

 

 

NVA/VC

1,100,000

600,000

NA

26,000 5

 

 

 

 

 

Note 1: there were an additional 10,824 non-hostile deaths for a total of 58,202
Note
2: of the 304,704 WIA, 153,329 required hospitalization
Note
3: this number decreases as remains are recovered and identified
Note
4: 114 died in captivity
Note
5: Does not include 101,511 Hoi Chanh

Legend: KIA = Killed In Action WIA = Wounded In Action MIA = Missing In Action CIA = Captured In Action

 

 

1968 Tet Offensive

Force

KIA

WIA

MIA

CIA

US Forces

1,536

7,764

11

unknown

 

 

 

 

 

ARVN

2,788

8,299

587

unknown

 

 

 

 

 

NVA/VC

45,000

unknown

unknown

6,991

 

 

 

 

 

 

Casualties By Year

1961-1965

Force

KIA

WIA

MIA

CIA

US Forces

1,864

7,337

18

unknown

 

 

 

 

 

ARVN

unknown

unknown

unknown

unknown

 

 

 

 

 

NVA/VC

unknown

unknown

unknown

unknown

 

 

 

 

 

1966

Force

KIA

WIA

MIA

CIA

US Forces

5,008 1

29,992

61

unknown

 

 

 

 

 

ARVN

11,953

71,584

unknown

unknown

 

 

 

 

 

NVA/VC

71,473

unknown

unknown

3,247

 

 

 

 

 

Note 1: there were an additional 1,045 non-hostile deaths for a total of 6,053

1967

Force

KIA

WIA

MIA

CIA

US Forces

9,378 1

56,013

113

unknown

 

 

 

 

 

ARVN

12,716

76,299

529

unknown

 

 

 

 

 

NVA/VC

133,484

unknown

unknown

6,065

 

 

 

 

 

Note 1: there were an additional 1,680 non-hostile deaths for a total of 11,058

1968

Force

KIA

WIA

MIA

CIA

US Forces

14,594 1

87,388

176

unknown

 

 

 

 

 

ARVN

28,800

172,512

587

unknown

 

 

 

 

 

NVA/VC

208,254

unknown

unknown

9,462

 

 

 

 

 

Note 1: there were an additional 1,919 non-hostile deaths for a total of 16,511

1969

Force

KIA

WIA

MIA

CIA

US Forces

9,414 1

55,390

112

unknown

 

 

 

 

 

ARVN

22,000

131,780

683

unknown

 

 

 

 

 

NVA/VC

132,051

unknown

unknown

5,905

 

 

 

 

 

Note 1: there were an additional 2,113 non-hostile deaths for a total of 11,527

1970

Force

KIA

WIA

MIA

CIA

US Forces

4,221 1

24,835

101

unknown

 

 

 

 

 

ARVN

23,000

137,770

727

unknown

 

 

 

 

 

NVA/VC

86,591

unknown

unknown

3,934

 

 

 

 

 

Note 1: there were an additional 1,844 non-hostile deaths for a total of 6,065

1971

Force

KIA

WIA

MIA

CIA

US Forces

1,380 1

18,109

16

unknown

 

 

 

 

 

ARVN

19,901

123,545

727

unknown

 

 

 

 

 

NVA/VC

19,320

unknown

unknown

2,304

 

 

 

 

 

Note 1: there were an additional 968 non-hostile deaths for a total of 2,348

1972

Force

KIA

WIA

MIA

CIA

US Forces

300 1

3,936

11

unknown

 

 

 

 

 

ARVN

25,787

139,731

727

unknown

 

 

 

 

 

NVA/VC

4,261

unknown

unknown

1,349

 

 

 

 

 

Note 1: there were an additional 261 non-hostile deaths for a total of 561

Legend: KIA = Killed In Action WIA = Wounded In Action MIA = Missing In Action CIA = Captured In Action

 

Troop Levels

As of 1 January 1968

Force

Total Strength

Support

Combat Arms

US Forces

409,111

346,260

62,850

 

 

 

 

ARVN

Not Avail

Not Avail

Not Avail

 

 

 

 

NVA/VC

420,000

unknown

unknown

 

 

 

 

As of 1 January 1969

Force

Total Strength

Support

Combat Arms

US Forces

440,029

372,429

67,600

 

 

 

 

ARVN

Not Avail

Not Avail

Not Avail

 

 

 

 

NVA/VC

332,000

unknown

unknown

 

 

 

 

The figures for relative strengths assume the following: On January 1, 1969 there were 110 battalions in Vietnam (98 Infantry, 3 tank, and 9 artillery). An Infantry battalion had 656 infantrymen (4 companies per battalion with 164 men per company). An armor battalion had 204 tankers (3 companies per battalion with 68 tankers per company). An artillery battalion had approximately 300 men. Therefore, the number of actual "trigger pullers" added up to 67,600. Note that this was "authorized strength". Most battalions were not even close to their TO&E strength during the war, with many infantry companies operating with 80 men. This was true despite the fact that the parent divisions reported being at, or slightly over, authorized strength. There were a large number of REMFs in Vietnam.

 

 

U.S. Army KIA by Unit

Source: National Archives and Records Administration

Unit

Nickname

KIA

Comment

1st Cavalry Division

First Team

5,464

-

25th Infantry Division

Tropic Lighting

4,561

-

101st Airborne Division

Screaming Eagles

4,022

-

1st Infantry Division

Big Red One

3,151

-

Various Individual Units

-

2,872

See Note 1 below

9th Infantry Division

Old Reliables

2,629

-

4th Infantry Division

Ivy Division

2,541

-

173rd Airborne Brigade (Separate)

Sky Soldier

1,758

-

1st Aviation Brigade

-

1,706

-

196th Light Infantry Brigade

-

1,188

-

11th Light Infantry Brigade

-

1,109

-

Military Assistance Command Vietnam

MACV

1,017

Advisors to ARVN

198th Light Infantry Brigade

-

987

-

United States Army Vietnam

USARV

847

Headquarters - includes advisors

5th Special Forces Group (Airborne)

Green Berets

834

-

23rd Infantry Division

Americal

809

non-brigade units

199th Light Infantry Brigade

Redcatchers

757

-

11th Armored Cavalry Regiment

Blackhorse

729

-

1st Logistical Command

-

598

-

5th Infantry Division (Mechanized)

Red Diamond

530

1st Brigade only

I Field Force Vietnam

IFFV

353

-

82d Airborne Division

All American

228

3rd Brigade only

1st Signal Brigade

-

193

-

II Field Force Vietnam

IIFFV

80

-

Engineer Command

-

64

-

Unit unknown

-

6

-

Note 1: This group is comprised of the following individual units with no further breakdown

17th Field Hospital (An Khe)
22nd Surgical Hospital (Phu Bai)
71st Evacuation Hospital (Pleiku)
91st Evacuation Hospital (Tuy Hoa)
95th Field Hospital (Qui Nhon)
3rd Field Hospital (III Corps)
7th Surgical Hospital (III Corps)
45th Surgical Hospital (III Corps)
93rd Evacuation Hospital (III Corps)
80th Engineer Group
121st Assault Helicopter Company
18th Military Police Brigade
89th Military Police Brigade
8th Transportation Group
48th Transportation Group
11th Aviation Group
12th Aviation Group
23rd Artillery Group
108th Artillery Group
35th Engineer Group
45th Engineer Group
34th General Support Group
506th Field Depot

 

Additional Casualty Statistics

Source: Combat Area Casualty File of 11/93, National Archives

All US Forces KIA in Vietnam = 58,169

US Army Soldiers KIA in Vietnam = 38,190

US Army Infantrymen (MOS 11B, 11C, etc.) KIA in Vietnam = 20,460

US Army Helicopter Crewmen KIA in Vietnam = 3,007

US Army Scouts KIA in Vietnam = 1,127

US Army Tankers KIA in Vietnam = 725 (equals 27% of all tankers ever assigned to Vietnam)

US Marines Killed In Action in Vietnam = 14,836

More US Army Infantrymen died than Marines of all MOSes

The highest loss-rate for any MOS was 11E (Armor Crewman) 27% KIA

 

U.S. Army KIA by Province

Source: Combat Area Casualty File of 11/93, National Archives

Code

Province

KIA

Comment

99

Province unknown

6,276

Military Region unknown

02

Thua Thien

2,893

I Corps - Hue, etc.

23

Binh Duong

2,742

III Corps

22

Tay Ninh

2,648

III Corps

05

Quang Ngai

2,342

I Corps - Border w/II Corps

07

Binh Dinh

2,211

II Corps - Bong Son, An Loa Valley, etc.

04

Quang Tin

2,068

I Corps - Tam Ky, etc.

01

Quang Tri

1,683

I Corps - south of DMZ

06

Kontum

1,641

II Corps - Dak To, Ben Het, etc.

42

Hua Nghia

1,424

III Corps - Khiem Cuong, etc.

25

Bien Hoa

1,147

III Corps

24

Gia Dinh

1,064

Capital Special Zone - Saigon

08

Pleiku

1,015

II Corps - Hwy 14, Ia Drang, etc.

27

Long An

1,002

III Corps

03

Quang Nam

971

I Corps - Da Nang, etc.

21

Binh Long

909

III Corps

30

Dinh Tuong

794

IV Corps - My Tho, etc.

14

Phuoc Long

679

III Corps - Phuoc Binh, etc.

19

Long Khanh

558

III Corps - Xuan Loc, etc.

**

Unknown Code

467

NARA error

33

Kien Hoa

416

IV Corps - Truc Giang, etc.

17

Binh Thuan

300

II Corps - Phan Thiet, etc.

09

Phu Yen

282

II Corps - Tuy Hoa, etc.

11

Khanh Hoa

275

II Corps - Nha Trang, etc.

26

Phuoc Tuy

204

III Corps - Vung Tau, Phuoc Le, etc.

18

Binh Thuy

176

III Corps - Ham Tan, etc.

13

Quang Duc

171

II Corps - Gia Nghia, etc.

10

Darlac

163

II Corps - Ban Me Thout, etc.

35

Phong Dinh

146

IV Corps - Can Tho, etc.

15

Lam Dong

143

II Corps - Bao Loc, etc.

32

Vinh Long

142

IV Corps

28

Kien Tuong

140

IV Corps - Moc Hoa, etc.

16

Ninh Thuan

97

II Corps - Phan Rang, etc.

36

Kien Giang

77

IV Corps - Rach Gia, etc.

12

Tuyen Duc

76

II Corps - Da Lat, etc.

29

Kien Phong

65

IV Corps - Cao Lanh, etc.

47

Unknown code

60

Possibly Saigon Area

38

Ba Xuyen

56

IV Corps - Khanh Hung, etc.

34

Vinh Binh

49

IV Corps - Phu Vinh, etc.

43

Go Cong

40

IV Corps - Go Cong, etc.

93

Province unknown

34

Military region 3 - III Corps

39

An Xuyen

33

IV Corps - Quon Long, etc.

37

Chuong Thien

30

IV Corps - Vi Thanh, etc.

92

Province unknown

25

Military region 2 - II Corps

46

Sa Dec

25

IV Corps - Sa Dec, etc.

41

Phu Bon

24

II Corps - Hau Bon, Song Ba River, etc.

99

Province unknown

22

Military region 1 - I Corps

31

An Giang

17

IV Corps - Long Xuyen, etc.

81

Offshore

19

Military Region 1 - I Corps

89

Offshore unknown

19

Province & Military Region unknown

44

Bac Lieu

14

IV Corps - Bac Lieu, etc.

82

Offshore

11

Military Region 2 - II Corps

NZ

Unknown Code

10

NARA error

94

Province unknown

9

Military region 4 - IV Corps

83

Offshore

2

Military Region 3 -III Corps

84

Offshore

2

Military Region 4 - IV Corps

20

No code provided

1

NARA error, possibly Cam Ranh Bay

40

Con Son Island

1

IV Corps

45

Chua Doc

1

IV Corps - Shau Phu, etc.

48

Unknown code

1

NARA error

49

Phu Quoc Island

1

IV Corps

50

DMZ

0

Demilitarized Zone

 

 

Wounded 1964-73

Location

Percentage1

Numbers1

Percentage2

Numbers2

Arm Wounds

14%

28,071

1%

427

Chest Wounds

10%

19,709

19%

8,976

Groin & Stomach Wounds

8%

16,170

18%

8,504

Head Wounds

20%

39,891

39%

18,425

Leg Wounds

29%

58,505

7%

3,307

Multiple-Site Wounds

19%

37,225

16%

7,559

                                                Note 1: Percentage of hits by bullets, shrapnel etc. to different parts of the body

                                                                Note 2: Percentage of all Americans killed by wounds to different parts of the body

                                                                Total: 47,244N

 

 

Sources

A Bright Shining Lie, Sheehan, Neil, New York: Random House, 1988

After Tet, Ronald H. Spector, New York: Random House, 1993

Code Name Bright Light, Veith, George J., New York: The Free Press, 1998

Inside The VC And The NVA, Lanning, Michael, New York: Random House, 1992

The Rise And Fall Of An American Army, Stanton, Shelby L., Novato, CA: Presidio Press, 1985

The Vietnam War, Nalty, Bernard C., New York: Smithmark Publishers, 1996

Vietnam: A History, Karnow, Stanley, New York: Viking, 1983

Vietnam At War: The History 1946-1975, Davidson, Phillip, New York: Oxford Univ Press, 1988

Nam, The Vietnam Experience 1965-75 Tim Page, john Pimlott Barns & Noble, Inc. 1995








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