Vietnam (RVN) War Chronology
(This timeline consists of basic info on the Vietnam War
with info pertaining to the 25th Infantry Division
and its MOH, Medal of Honor recipiants)
July 20, 1954 - The Geneva Conference declares a demilitarized zone at the 17th parallel
1955 - Ngo Dinh Diem organizes the Republic of Vietnam as an independent nation and declares himself president
1955 - US president Dwight D. Eisenhower sends civilian and military advisers to Vietnam to assist South Vietnamese president Diem
July, 1959 - Two US military advisers are killed in Vietnam - the first American casualties
1960 - In South Vietnam, the National Liberation Front (Viet Cong) is formed
September, 1961 - Vietcong forces carry out a series of attacks in Kontum province, South Vietnam.
October, 1961 - President John F. Kennedy announces that his principal military adviser, General Maxwell D. Taylor, USA, will go to South Vietnam to investigate the situation.
November, 1961 - As a result of the Taylor mission, President John F. Kennedy declares to increase military aid to South Vietnam, without committing U.S. combat troops.
February 3, 1962 - The "Strategic Hamlet" program begeins in South Vietnam.
February 7, 1962 - The US military strength in South Vietnam reaches 4,000, with the arrival of two Army avaition units.
February 8, 1962 - The US MAAG is reorginized as The US Military Assistance Command, Vietnam (MACV), under General Paul D. Harkins, USA.
August, 1962 - First Australian Military Forces (MAF) arrive in South Vietnam.
November, 1963 - South Vietnamese president Diem and his brother are killed in a military coup led by Major General Duong Van Minh
November 22, 1962 - President John F. Kennedy is assisanated in Dallas, Texas; Lyndon B. Johnson becomes President.
May, 1964 - The US imposes a trade embargo on North Vietnam
June, 1964 - General William C. Westmoreland, USA, replaces General Harkins as Commander, US MACV.
August, 1964 - A US destroyer is attacked by the North Vietnamese in the Gulf of Tonkin; US president Lyndon B. Johnson orders retaliatory attacks; US Congress approves the Gulf of Tonkin resolution, which gives Johnson the authority to wage war against North Vietnam
March, 1965 - The US begins a bombing offensive against North Vietnam; the 9th Marine Expeditionary Brigade reaches South Vietnam
June, 1965 - Air Marshal Nguyen Cao Ky takes control of South Vietnam in a second military coup; the US launches an offensive operation by ground forces into Viet Cong territory near Saigon
January, 1966 - 3rd Brigade begins "Operation Blue Light".
2/9th Field Arty fires 25th Infantry Division's first round in Vietnam War.
2/14th Infantry departs for Viet
4/25rd In & 4/9th Inf arrive in Hawaii.
February, 1966 - SP4 D, Fernandez, Co. C., 1/5th Inf earns the MOH (Medal Of Honor)
HHC Division departs for Vietnam
June, 1966 - Capt. R. Ray, Co. A 2/35th Inf. earns MOH (Medal Of Honor)
November 1966 - Capt. R. Foley, Co. A, 2/27th Inf earn MOH (Medal Of Honor)
SGT J. Baker, Co. A, 2/27th Inf earn MOH (Medal Of Honor)
Lt. J. Grant, Co. A, 1/14th Inf earn MOH (Medal Of Honor)
SGT T. Belcher, Co. C, 1/14th Inf earn MOH (Medal Of Honor)
January, 1967 - Operation Sam Houston begins by 4th & 25th Infantry Divisions along the Laos Border.
Operation Cedar Falls in iron Triangle begins with 25th Inf Div, 173rd Airborne Brigade & 11th Armored Cav Regt.
February, 1967 - 1SGT M. Yabes, Co A, 4/9th Inf earns the MOH (Medal Of Honor)
March, 1967 - 1LT S Karopczyc, Co A, 2/35th Inf earns the MOH (Medal Of Honor)
1LT R Sargent, Co B 4/9th Inf earns the MOH (Medal Of Honor)
April & May, 1967 - The US attacks North Vietnamese airfields and wages air battles over Hanoi and Haiphong
SSG K. Stumpf, Co C 1/35th Inf earns MOH (Medal Of Honor) April
SGT C. Fleek, Co. C, 1/27th Inf, earns MOH (Medal Of Honor) May
September, 1967- Nguyen Van Thieu is elected president, and Air Marshal Nguyen Cao Ky vice-president, of South Vietnam.
Operation Junction City, Largest to date in Vietnam, mounted by 25th Inf Div, 4th Inf Div, 173rd Airborne Bde, 196th Light Inf Bde and the 11th Armored Cav in Tay Ninh Province.
October, 1967 - Capt. R. Pitts, Co. C, 2/27th Inf. earns MOH (Medal Of Honor)
January, 1968 - North Vietnam launches the Tet Offensive, with 70,000 troops attacking over 100 cities and towns in South Vietnam
March, 1968 - The US' Charlie Company commits the My Lai massacre, in which hundreds of civilians in the hamlet of My Lai are killed; Lt. William Calley is later convicted of murder for the massacre; US president Johnson halts bombing in much of North Vietnam in an attempt to initiate peace talks with the North Vietnamese
SP4 N. Cutinha, Co. C 4/9th Inf earns the MOH (Medal Of Honor)
August, 1968 - SSG. P. Lambers, Co. A, 2/27th Inf, earns MOH (Medal Of Honor)
SSG M. Young, Co. C, 1/5th Inf earns MOH (Medal Of Honor)
October, 1968 - I arived in Vietnam!
January, 1969 - 1LT. J Warren Jr. Co. C, 2/22nd Inf earns the MOH (Medal Of Honor)
February, 1969 - US president Richard Nixon authorizes the bombing of North Vietnamese and Viet Cong bases in Cambodia
CAPT T Bennett, Co B, 1/14th Inf, earns the MOH (Medal Of Honor)
SSG R. Hartstock, 44th Plt, 3rd Bge, earns the MOH (Medal Of Honor)
March, 1969 - 1LT. S Doane, Co B, 1/5th Inf earns the MOH (Medal Of Honor)
June, 1969 - Nixon meets with South Vietnamese president Thieu and announces plans to withdraw more than 200,000 troops
in an effort to turn the war effort over to the South Vietnamese.
Fire Support Base Crook encounters ground attacks and repels enemy NVA
SSG Hammett Bowen, Co. C 2/14th. earns MOH (Medal Of Honor)
September, 1969 - Ho Chi Minh, who led North Vietnam in its wars against both France and the US, dies.
November, 1969 - SHORT....... I am outa this place :-)
January, 1970 - SP4 Peterson, Co B, 4/23rd Inf earns MOH (Medal Of Honor)
February, 1970 - Lt. R. Steindam, B Trp, 3/4 Cav, earns MOH (Medal Of Honor)
April, 1970 - The US and South Vietnamese invade Cambodia in a bid to destroy Communist bases and supply lines supporting the North Vietnamese
May, 1970 - Four students are killed in a protest at Kent State University in Ohio
January, 1972 - US president Nixon announces that 70,000 troops will be pulled out of Vietnam by May
March, 1972 - More than 20,000 North Vietnamese troops cross the Demilitarized Zone into South Vietnam
June, 1972 - The US ceases ground combat in Vietnam, leaving a force of 60,000 American technicians, advisers and flight crews in the country
December, 1972 - The US launches a 12-day bombing campaign against North Vietnam
January, 1973 - The US, North Vietnam, the Viet Cong and South Vietnam sign the Paris Peace Agreement, which calls for the withdrawal of US forces and the release of American prisoners of war by April
August, 1973 - US warplanes cease bombing missions, completing the American pullout from Vietnam
March, 1975 - North Vietnamese forces deploy 100,000 soldiers into major cities in South Vietnam, capturing Hue and Danang
April 29, 1975 - South Vietnamese president Thieu resigns; US helicopters evacuate Americans and South Vietnamese from the US Embassy in Saigon
April 30, 1975 - The mass evacuation of Americans ends; South Vietnamese leader General Duong Van Minh announces the surrender of the nation; the Viet Cong flag is raised over the presidential palace in Saigon
A Few Facts About Vietnam:
· 50,000 American Servicemen served in Vietnam between 1960 and 1964.
· 9,087,000 military personnel served on active duty during the official Vietnam era (Aug.5, 1964-May 7, 1975).
· 3,403,100 (including 514,300 offshore) personnel served in the Southeast Asia Theater (Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, flight crews
based in Thailand, and sailors in adjacent South China sea waters).
· 7,484 American women served in Vietnam. 6,250 were nurses.
· 8 nurses died-1 was killed in action.
· Vietnam Veterans represented 9.7% of their generation.
· 240 men were awarded the Medal of Honor during the Vietnam era.
· Hostile deaths: 47,378
· Non-hostile deaths: 10,800
· Missing in action: 2,338
· POWs: 766 (114 died in captivity).
· Wounded in action: 303,704
· Severely disabled: 75,000--23,214 100% disabled; 5,283 lost limbs; 1,081 sustained multiple amputations.
· Married men killed: 17,539
· Men under the age of 21 killed: 61%
· Average age of men killed: 22.8 years.
· Highest political office attained by a Vietnam veteran to date: Vice President Al Gore.
· Most successful Vietnam veteran/businessman to date: Frederick Smith of Federal Express.
· 79% of the men who served in Vietnam had a high school education or better when they entered the military service.
· The suicide rate of Vietnam veterans has always been well within the 1.7% norm of the general population.
· 97% of Vietnam-era veterans were honorably discharged.