FORGET No 'healing', no apologies, no memorials, nothing

can possibly compensate for the damage done and the pain inflicted....

The only thing we can possibly do, twenty years too late, is to try and tell the truth."




· Hostile deaths: 47,359.

· Non-hostile deaths: 10,797.

· Total: 58,202 (includes men formerly classified as MIA and Mayaguez casualties). Men who have subsequently died of wounds account for the changing total.

· 8 nurses died - 1 was KIA.

· Married men killed: 17,539.

· 61% of the men killed were 21 or younger.

· Highest state death rate: West Virginia - 84.1% (national average 58.9% for every 100,000 males in 1970).

· Wounded: 303,704 (153,329 hospitalized + 150,375 injured requiring no hospital care).

· Severely disabled: 75,000--23,214 100% disabled; 5,283 lost limbs; 1,081 sustained multiple amputations. Amputation or crippling wounds to the lower extremities were 300% higher than in WWII and 70% higher than in Korea. Multiple amputations occurred at the rate of 18.4% compared to 5.7% in WWII

· Missing in Action: 2,338.

· POWs: 766 (114 died in captivity).

The Vietnam War Internet Project an educational organization dedicated to providing information and documents about the various Indochina Wars and to the collection and electronic publication on the web of oral histories and memoirs of both those who served in and those who opposed those conflicts. [HOME PAGE]




In Honor of the American/Australian Civilian & Military Women
Who Died in the
VietNam War (1959-1975)


Over 58,000 Americans killed, 200,000 wounded

And many were Women!



The following is a list of those who gave their lives during the Vietnam War:



U.S. Army --

·         2nd Lt. Carol Ann Elizabeth Drazba

·         2nd Lt. Elizabeth Ann Jones

Lt. Drazba and Lt. Jones were assigned to the 3rd Field Hospital in Saigon. They died in a helicopter crash near Saigon, February 18, 1966. Drazba was from Dunmore, PA, Jones from Allendale, SC. Both were 22 years old.

·         Capt. Eleanor Grace Alexander

·         1st Lt. Hedwig Diane Orlowski

Capt. Alexander of Westwood, NJ, and Lt. Orlowski of Detroit, MI, died November 30, 1967. Alexander, stationed at the 85th Evac., and Orlowski, stationed at the 67th Evac. in Qui Nhon, had been sent to a hospital in Pleiku to help out during a push. With them when their plane crashed on the return trip to Qui Nhon were two other nurses, Jerome E. Olmstead of Clintonville, WI, and Kenneth R. Shoemaker, Jr. of Owensboro, KY. Alexander was 27, Orlowski 23. Both were posthumously awarded Bronze Stars.

·         2nd Lt. Pamela Dorothy Donovan

Lt. Donovan, from Allston, MA, became seriously ill and died on July 8, 1968. She was assigned to the 85th Evac. in Qui Nhon. She was 26 years old.

·         1st Lt. Sharon Ann Lane

Lt. Lane died from shrapnel wounds when the 312th Evac. at Chu Lai was hit by rockets on June 8, 1969. From Canton, OH, she was a month short of her 26th birthday. She was posthumously awarded the Vietnamese Gallantry Cross with Palm and the Bronze Star for Heroism. In 1970, the recovery room at Fitzsimmons Army Hospital in Denver, where Lt. Lane had been assigned before going to Viet Nam, was dedicated in her honor. In 1973, Aultman Hospital in Canton, OH, where Lane had attended nursing school, erected a bronze statue of Lane. The names of 110 local servicemen killed in Vietnam are on the base of the statue.

·         Lt. Col. Annie Ruth Graham, Chief Nurse at 91st Evac. Hospital, Tuy Hoa

Lt. Col. Graham, Chief Nurse, 91st Evacuation Hospital, 43rd Medical Group, 44th Medical Brigade, Tuy Hoa, from Efland, NC, suffered a stroke and was evacuated to Japan where she died four days later on August 14, 1968. A veteran of both World War II and Korea, she was 52.


U.S. Air Force --

·         Capt. Mary Therese Klinker

Capt. Klinker, a flight nurse with the 10th Aeromedical Evacuation Squadron, Travis Air Force Base, temporarily assigned to Clark Air Base in the Philippines, was on the C-5A Galaxy which crashed on April 4, 1975, outside Saigon while evacuating Vietnamese orphans. This is known as the Operation Babylift crash. From Lafayette, IN, she was 27. She was posthumously awarded the Airman's Medal for Heroism and the Meritorious Service Medal.


Australian Nurse Corps --

·         Barbara Black

Barbara died at Vung Tau, Vietnam in 1971.




American Red Cross --

·         Hannah E. Crews

Died in a jeep accident, Bien Hoa, October 2, 1969.

·         Virginia E. Kirsch

Murdered by U.S. soldier in Cu Chi, August 16, 1970.

·         Lucinda J. Richter

Died of Guillain-Barre Syndrome, Cam Ranh Bay, February 9, 1971.


Army Special Services --

·         Rosalyn Muskat

Died in a jeep accident, Long Binh, October 26, 1968.

·         Dorothy Phillips

Died in a plane crash, Qui Nhon, 1967.

U.S. Department of the Navy OICC (Officer in Charge of Construction) --

·         Regina "Reggie" Williams

Died of a heart attack in Saigon, 1964.


Catholic Relief Services --

·         Gloria Redlin

Shot to death in Pleiku, 1969.


Central Intelligence Agency --

·         Barbara Robbins

Died when a car bomb exploded outside the American Embassy, Saigon, March 30, 1965.

·         Betty Gebhardt

Died in Saigon, 1971.


United States Agency for International Development --

·         Marilyn L. Allan

Murdered by a U.S. soldier in Nha Trang, August 16, 1967.

·         Dr. Breen Ratterman (American Medical Association)

Died from injuries suffered in a fall from her apartment balcony in Saigon, October 2, 1969


Journalists --

·         Georgette "Dickey" Chapelle

Killed by a mine on patrol with Marines outside Chu Lai, 1965.

·         Philippa Schuyler

Killed in a helicopter crash into the ocean near Da Nang, May 9, 1967.


Missionaries --

·         Carolyn Griswald

Killed in raid on leprosarium in Ban Me Thuot during Tet 1968.

·         Janie A. Makil

Shot to death in an ambush, Dalat, March 4, 1963. Janie was five months old.

·         Ruth Thompson

Killed in raid on leprosarium in Ban Me Thuot during Tet, February 1, 1968.

·         Ruth Wilting

Killed in raid on leprosarium in Ban Me Thuot during Tet, February 1, 1968.



·         Evelyn Anderson

Captured and burned to death in Kengkok, Laos, 1972.
Remains recovered and returned to U.S.

·         Beatrice Kosin

Captured and burned to death in Kengkok, Laos, 1972.
Remains recovered and returned to U.S.

·         Betty Ann Olsen

Captured during raid on leprosarium in Ban Me Thuot during Tet 1968. Died in 1968 and was buried somewhere along Ho Chi Minh Trail by fellow POW, Michael Benge. Remains not recovered.

·         Eleanor Ardel Vietti

Captured at leprosarium in Ban Me Thuot, May 30, 1962.
Still listed as POW.


Operation Babylift --

The following women were killed in the crash, outside Saigon, of the C5-A Galaxy transporting Vietnamese children out of the country on April 4, 1975. All of the women were working for various U.S. government agencies in Saigon at the time of their deaths with the exception of Theresa Drye (a child) and Laurie Stark (a teacher). Sharon Wesley had previously worked for both the American Red Cross and Army Special Services. She chose to stay on in Vietnam after the pullout of U.S. military forces in 1973.

·         Barbara Adams

·         Clara Bayot

·         Nova Bell

·         Arleta Bertwell

·         Helen Blackburn

·         Ann Bottorff

·         Celeste Brown

·         Vivienne Clark

·         Juanita Creel

·         Mary Ann Crouch

·         Dorothy Curtiss

·         Twila Donelson

·         Helen Drye

·         Theresa Drye

·         Mary Lyn Eichen

·         Elizabeth Fugino

·         Ruthanne Gasper

·         Beverly Herbert

·         Penelope Hindman

·         Vera Hollibaugh

·         Dorothy Howard

·         Barbara Kauvulia

·         Barbara Maier

·         Rebecca Martin

·         Sara Martini

·         Martha Middlebrook

·         Katherine Moore

·         Marta Moschkin

·         Marion Polgrean

·         June Poulton

·         Joan Pray

·         Sayonna Randall

·         Anne Reynolds

·         Marjorie Snow

·         Laurie Stark

·         Barbara Stout

·         Doris Jean Watkins

·         Sharon Wesley

Sources --

Vietnam Women's Memorial Project (Military) and
A Circle of Sisters/A Circle of Friends (Civilian):

Vietnam Women's Memorial Project

2001 S Street NW, Suite 302

Washington, D.C. 20009

Phone: 202-328-7253

A Circle of Sisters/A Circle of Friends

1015 South Gaylord, Suite 190

Denver, CO 80209

Phone: 303-575-1311




Unarmed and under fire: An oral history of female Vietnam vets




Visit for a real history lesson!



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